LED and HID  lamps are two of the various lighting applied sciences which might be accessible at the moment. Understanding the distinction between HID and LED might help you make an informed determination on what’s greatest on your software and funds.


Left to proper: variations in output and colour rendition of mercury-vapor, metal-halide, high-pressure sodium, and LED high-bay lights to be used in typical HID functions

HID (Excessive Depth Discharge):

HID lamps include a ballast and a quartz tube that incorporates fuel, steel salts, and two tungsten electrodes. The ballast controls the voltage and present essential to function the lamp.

An HID fixture and a metal-halide HID alternative bulb

An electrical arc passes from one electrode to the opposite by a fuel (mostly mercury, steel halide, or sodium). The arc heats steel salts and vaporizes them—making a plasma—which will increase mild output created by the arc and will increase effectivity.

Kinds of HID Lamps


This sort of lamp creates an electrical arc by vaporized mercury that produces a bluish-green mild. An outer bulb envelope insulates the bulb and protects in opposition to ultraviolet radiation. Mercury-vapor lamps are the oldest sort of HID lighting and are being phased out due to the elevated effectivity and higher colour rendition of metal-halide lights.


Very similar to mercury-vapor lamps, steel halides have an electrical arc that’s created by vaporized mercury. Nevertheless, steel halides (corresponding to sodium, indium, and thallium) are added to extend effectivity and enhance the sunshine’s color-rendering index (CRI). An outer bulb envelope insulates the bulb and protects in opposition to ultraviolet radiation.

Excessive-Strain Sodium:

This sort of HID lamp makes use of mercury vapors and sodium to ignite an electrical arc, which produces a gold-colored mild that’s used principally in parking garages.


HID bulbs are used for a lot of functions, together with warehouses, parking garages, out of doors stadiums, avenue lights, and headlights.
They produce a considerable quantity of ultraviolet (UV) radiation that may be damaging to pores and skin, eyes, and cloth.
Because of the great amount of vitality that passes by it, the ballast mandatory for creating the arc usually wears out shortly.
HID bulbs and fixtures can last as long as 20,000 hours however will usually begin to lose colour and brightness lengthy earlier than that. To guard the ballasts, it is strongly recommended that bulbs get replaced once they’ve reached 70 % of their life span.
They final a minimum of thrice longer and are thrice brighter than halogen bulbs, however their life spans are thrice shorter than LED bulbs.
HID bulbs are fragile and include mercury. They need to be recycled, and bulb contents ought to be sealed if they’re damaged.
These lights can take anyplace from a number of seconds as much as 10 minutes earlier than they attain full brightness, they usually want time to chill after being switched off earlier than they are often turned on once more.
They pose a danger for explosions and fires and might attain temperatures that make them unsafe to the touch.

Store Tremendous Vibrant LEDs for options to retrofit outdated HID fixtures with extra environment friendly, higher-performing LED bulbs.

LED (Mild Emitting Diodes):

LEDs produce the longest-lasting, most energy-efficient lighting accessible at the moment. A semiconductor wealthy in electrons and a semiconductor wealthy in holes are used to create an LED.

LED wall pack and LED corn bulb

Passing a present by the junction of those two supplies combines the electrons with the holes and produces photons, which is the sunshine that you simply see. 


LEDs run a lot cooler than HID bulbs and don’t require excessive working temperatures to work correctly, which vastly will increase their longevity and permits them to perform in chilly temperatures.
Until an LED mild is particularly infrared (IR) or ultraviolet (UV), it produces little to no IR or UV radiation, which will be damaging to pores and skin, eyes, and materials.
They’ll last as long as 50,000 hours—thrice longer than HID bulbs and fixtures.
Energy consumption is the bottom in comparison with all different lighting applied sciences—80 % lower than HID bulbs.
LED lights include no mercury, dangerous gasses, or toxins.
Many of those bulbs are shatterproof and shock resistant.
They illuminate immediately not like HID bulbs that may take a number of minutes to succeed in full brightness.
LED lights require larger preliminary funding however are the greatest worth on account of vitality financial savings and longer life spans.
They’re accessible in many alternative colours and variations of white.
Due to their low energy consumption, LED lights are nice various lighting options for solar-powered methods.

To take away the effort of bulb alternative, Tremendous Vibrant LEDs additionally provides many fixtures with LEDs built-in into the fixture. Store 1000’s of LED lighting options at now.

For technical questions, don’t hesitate to name us toll free at 866-590-3533. Our customer support and technical help groups are accessible from eight:30 a.m. to eight p.m. CDT Monday-Thursday and eight:30 a.m. to four p.m. CDT on Friday.

About The Creator

Samantha M.

Samantha is a copywriter/blogger at Tremendous Vibrant LEDs, Inc. She graduated from the College of Missouri with a bachelor’s in journalism and at present lives in St. Louis together with her husband. When she’s not immersing herself in all issues LED, she’s zumba-ing or enjoying together with her two little troublemakers (chihuahuas)!

Related posts

Leave a Comment