Requirements and certifications comprise an enormous variety of corporations and compliances that serve particular functions—primarily addressing security, environmental affect and power effectivity, and sanitation. These requirements are divided into particular classes for every product sort and certification sort to permit for very particular associated to every product. When this method is getting used as meant, it provides shoppers, installers, suppliers, and anybody else that could be concerned confidence that the product is protected and can work nicely of their utility.
There are a selection of how a product might be examined for security and high quality earlier than it involves market. For the US, many merchandise are examined by impartial businesses in opposition to a set of requirements designed to make sure they’re protected to put in and use as meant. For different merchandise—and generally different areas as nicely—corporations self certify merchandise primarily based on compliance with revealed pointers.
UL (previously often called Underwriters Laboratories) is the authority for security requirements within the US in the case of lighting, electronics, supplies, and tools – amongst different issues. They supply requirements and testing procedures which might be used to categorize and certify all kinds of merchandise and elements—each by UL itself in addition to different certification corporations that use UL’s requirements comparable to ETL and CSA. A Licensed by UL, UL Listed, UL Labeled, or UL Acknowledged mark means a product has handed all assessments associated to its meant set up and use. Every product is assigned a file quantity that may be referenced to seek out the kind of certification(s) a product has as nicely. Throughout the certification course of, lighting merchandise are additionally given environmental scores associated to the place they’re protected to be put in. These are displayed by way of moisture publicity (dry/damp/moist) and in some circumstances extra particular mounting standards. It must be famous that there isn’t a direct correlation between UL’s environmental ranking system and an IP (ingress safety) ranking.
UL Listed and UL Labeled
The ‘UL Listed’ mark is used for a wide range of lighting and associated merchandise. This mark seems on part items or complete lights that should be put in with out modification. Examples might be an entire fixture or a ballast appropriate bulb. The ‘UL Labeled’ mark then again, is used completely for retrofit merchandise. For instance a bulb with this mark might be put in as a retrofit in a UL licensed fixture and—offered it’s put in appropriately—the fixture would retain its unique UL certification. Some merchandise, comparable to tube lights, can carry each UL Listed and UL Labeled marks as a result of they might be put in in a variety of alternative ways.
Licensed by UL
The ‘Licensed by UL’ mark is comparatively new in comparison with the opposite UL marks. It could possibly go on a wide range of merchandise which will have beforehand fallen underneath the ‘UL Listed’ or ‘UL Labeled’ marks. It represents the identical factor as these marks, it’s merely a part of a more recent, up to date system. This mark can imply that the product falls underneath what would have been a ‘Listed’ class and/or a ‘Labeled’ class, so it is very important look over the accompanying documentation and UL file quantity to grasp if the product meets any desired necessities.
Some elements might be listed as ‘UL Acknowledged’ elements. Frequent merchandise on this class associated to lighting embody energy cords and a few energy provides.
ETL (previously often called Electrical Testing Laboratory) is a division of Intertek that performs very related capabilities to UL by way of check and certification, the principle distinction being that they’re testing to established UL requirements for US merchandise quite than utilizing their very own requirements. In different phrases, UL Listed merchandise and ETL Listed merchandise listed underneath the identical class (e.g. IFAM / UL 1598) might be examined to the identical UL requirements whether or not ETL are UL are doing the testing. The distinction is just which firm the producer is working with and the place the eventual product itemizing might be discovered.
Whereas CSA (Canadian Requirements Affiliation) is much less generally seen within the US, they’re primarily a Canadian equal to UL. Like UL, they generate their very own requirements for testing and certification associated to the Canadian market. When a UL or ETL product is licensed for Canada, they’re utilizing CSA’s testing strategies and standards as nicely, simply as CSA can certify merchandise and elements for the US utilizing UL’s requirements.
Opposite to what’s typically seen, the US DOT (Division of Transportation) doesn’t certify car associated merchandise. They do produce requirements which have to be adopted by autos utilizing public roadways within the US. These requirements can dictate the place a light-weight might be positioned on a car, the colours allowed for particular varieties of lights, and way more. If a light-weight meets these necessities it should sometimes carry a mark or sticker and/or documentation displaying it’s DOT compliant.
CE (from the French Conformité Européenne) certification is for merchandise and elements which might be bought or used within the EU (European Union) and within the UK (United Kingdom) via 2022. Particular directives and requirements are examined primarily based on the kind of product as is the case with different security certification sorts. Not like most North American certification sorts, CE might be self-certified and a declaration of conformity from both a testing company or the producer/vendor maintain the identical weight. It must be famous that CE certification isn’t meant to be used outdoors of Europe.
UKCA (United Kingdom Conformity Assessed) would be the UK equal to CE and can work equally. It is going to be required for merchandise and elements used or bought within the UK from the start of 2023. This was particularly created for the UK resulting from their departure from the EU.
RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) is one other EU primarily based compliance. This directive restricts the quantity of lead, cadmium, mercury, and different dangerous substances that a product incorporates. Not like most different certifications, there isn’t a direct US equal to RoHS at a federal degree—though California does have an analogous state requirement in place. Because of this, many merchandise bought within the US nonetheless reference this directive to show that merchandise are thought-about to be protected for individuals and the atmosphere.
Further Space and Software Particular
Sometimes, very specialised compliances are developed to deal with particular issues. Emergency lighting is an effective instance of this. NYC Code Compliant emergency lighting requires lights to be brighter than standard codes in different areas. Municipalities generally dictate particular sizing for sort or colours for emergency lighting as nicely. There are not any formal marks for the sort of compliance, so customized badges are sometimes used to indicate that a product meets these requirements.
Along with security, there are additionally necessary certifications associated to the effectivity and efficiency of lights. A lot of these certifications relate to something from rebate eligibility to constructing code compliance.
DLC (DesignLights Consortium) creates frequently evolving requirements associated to lighting effectivity and visible efficiency. They work with a mess of different businesses and utility suppliers to supply rebates for putting in/upgrading to newer, extra environment friendly LED lights. Like UL or ETL, they check a consultant pattern of every mild they record and categorize them primarily based on a variety of elements with efficacy and longevity being among the most necessary standards. Merchandise that meet the essential standards are then categorized as being ‘Customary’ or ‘Premium’ primarily based on their general efficiency. One of many distinctive elements of DLC is a buyer dealing with QPL (Certified Merchandise Record) of publicly accessible check knowledge for any listed merchandise together with a person ID for every product.
California Particular Laws
CEC (California Vitality Fee) Title 20 and Title 24 each apply to elements of lighting merchandise. Title 24, Half 6 applies to the effectivity of merchandise primarily based on their use as half of a complete system in a constructing or construction. Title 20 then again is a set of Equipment Effectivity Laws consisting of federal and state requirements. Merchandise that fall underneath Title 20 have to be permitted by the state of California to be used and are added to a searchable database.
NSF worldwide (previously Nationwide Sanitation Basis) compliance, like many certifications, helps make sure that the proper merchandise are used for specialised functions to stop potential risks to individuals and the atmosphere the place the lights are put in. Within the case of NSF certification for lighting, NSF Customary 2 is the most typical sort of NSF compliance and offers with elements associated to sanitation—particularly in non-food zones, splash zones, and chilly storage areas. This sort of certification might be listed via UL, ETL, and even NSF immediately. Merchandise listed to NSF requirements will typically bear one of many following marks as proof of its compliance.
This sort of space is one the place there isn’t a direct contact with meals or meals merchandise underneath regular circumstances, however there may be nonetheless a necessity for defense in opposition to contamination to the area or merchandise inside the area. This sort of space would additionally usually be outdoors what would sometimes be thought-about a wash-down space. The primary standards for lighting in the sort of space revolves round its means to face up to cleansing, resist the product end chipping or peeling, and be designed to have the ability to stand up to affect injury with minimal danger of contamination.
Like a non-food zone, the sort of space is one the place there isn’t a direct contact with meals or meals merchandise underneath regular circumstances, however liquids or different supplies utilized in or which might be a product of the meals processing might come into contact with the fixture. This sort of space necessitates a light-weight examined to face up to excessive strain wash-downs as that course of usually happens in the sort of space. The sunshine additionally have to be designed in such a fashion the place it will probably simply be cleaned throughout the wash-down course of, not permitting meals processing associated particles or liquids to grow to be caught to the floor.
Chilly Storage Areas
Many meals processing operations require refrigeration or under freezing temperatures in some storage and processing areas. Lights have to be able to working in a large temperature vary and simply as in a splash zone, be able to being successfully cleaned with out injury to the sunshine or danger that the sunshine will contaminate meals or the realm itself.